The Abu Hanifa Mosque (Masjid Ab? Han?fah) is one of the most prominent Sunni mosques in Baghd?d, Iraq.
Abu Hanifa’s full name is al-Numan Ben Thabet Ben Zouti Ben Al Marzban. He was the founder of the Sunni Hanafi school of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence).
Abu Hanifa was born in the city of Kufa (modern day Iraq) in the year 80 H (689 AD) and died in the year 150 H in Baghdad where he was buried.
Abu Hanifa is regarded by some as one of the Tabi‘un, the generation after the Sahaba, who were the companions of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. He left after himself a rich theological heritage that is still taught in Islamic universities.
Abu Hanifa Mosque is built around the tomb of Ab? ?an?fah an-Nu?m?n (often called "the Great Imam"). It is located in the Sunni-dominated al-A??amiyyah quarter of Baghdad to the northeast of the city.
The present mosque was built in 1871 but its dome dates back to 1638. The mosque has four domes, covered with Kashani tiles, two of which are sharp and the other two rounded.
The mosque has two minarets, in Baghdadi style. One of them has a golden dome.
The outer wall of the mosque is built on clay bricks with beautiful engravings.
The mosque consists of many rooms. There is a prayer room, a library that contains valuable manuscripts, a warehouse for the gifts offered by kings and heads of state who visited the Mausoleum, a briefing room (khalwa or place of isolation) with a hair of Prophet Mohammed found there.
- The Clock Tower
One of the most beautiful parts of the mosque is the Clock Tower, which rises to a height of 20 meters. It was built during 8 years (from 1921 to 1929) by an Iraqi craftsman, Mr. Mahsoub Abdul-Razzak Al-A’adhami. To its actual place it was put in 1958.
In the 70s the tower was covered with gold gilded aluminum plates. This clock is distinguished by its accuracy and the strong tone of its bells. It can be heard every hour from outside the mosque.
- The mausoleum
The mausoleum is located in the centre of the room with an area of 36 sq. m. The tomb is covered by a wooden box, with silver grids numbering 14, of which eight are on its left and right sides and six on the north and south sides. The mausoleum is a masterpiece of Islamic architecture, with beautiful ornaments engraved on bricks and beautiful calligraphy of Koranic verses on blue tiles.